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A leading late nineteenth-century literary realist and influential critic. 13. John French Sloan (August 2, 1871 – September 7, 1951) was an American painter and etcher. 1913, Ashcan School Art Show. How did American methods of selling goods change at the turn of the 20th century? The Ashcan School portrayed scenes of daily life in NYC. Painting true to life was the key to the Ashcan School’s visual distinction in subject matter and fame. Edwin Godkin. Americans' first exposure to European Impressionist art. Became an editor of "New York Evening Post" William Howells. The Ashcan School was a loosely defined group of American artists working at the turn of the 20th century. He was also a member of the group known as The Eight.He is best known for his urban genre scenes and ability to capture the essence of neighborhood life in New York City, often observed through his Chelsea studio window. The name, applied retrospectively, refers to a similarity of intent rather than to a geographic location, though many of the older members of the group drew inspiration from the picturesque Catskill region north of New York City, through which the Hudson River flows. He was important member of the Ashcan School, a group of artists who worked in a realist style and took urban life as their central subject matter. They followed the ideas of transcendentalist writers and their artwork was largely based on transcendentalism. At the beginning of the twentieth century the Ashcan School of Art blazed onto the art scene, introducing a revolutionary vision of New York City. Define and explain the significance of the following: a. Joseph Pulitzer b. William Randolph Hearst c. Ashcan school d. Mark Twain e. rural free delivery (RFD) 14. Bellows became famous for his depictions of boxing matches and scenes of New York tenement life. The term Ashcan School was suggested by a drawing by Bellows captioned Disappointments of the Ash Can, which appeared in the Philadelphia Record in April 1915; was invoked by cartoonist Art Young in a disparaging critique that appeared in the New York Sun in April 1916; and was given curatorial currency by Holger Cahill and Alfred H. Barr Jr. in a 1934 exhibition at New York’s Museum of Modern Art. Their work began in Philadelphia towards the end of the 19th century, but they are best known for the works they produced later, after moving to New York at the start of the 20th century. Yet Professor William C. Agee, in his book Modern Art in America, traces later US realist developments, such as the Ashcan school a distinctly gritty, US style of urban realism, which took its name from a 1915 drawing by George Bellows Disappointments of the Ash Can back to “a long and deep-rooted American tradition of Realism that had extended from John Singleton Copley to John F. Peto … The term 'Ashcan School' - first used in print in the book Art in America in Modern Times (1934) edited by Holger Cahill and Alfred H Barr - refers to a loose-knit group of American painters active in New York (c.1900-15), whose works depicted scenes of everyday urban life in the city's poorer areas. … Hudson River school, large group of American landscape painters of several generations who worked between about 1825 and 1870. They were never an official group, but they were connected by the desire to portray urban life as it was through art. He is considered to be one of the founders of the Ashcan school of American art. The paintings were revealing the beauty of Hudson River Valley and the landscape nearby it that includes the White Mountains, Adirondack, and Catskill. Established the "Nation" magazine in 1865. 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